hoodwinking competitive examination is a disgraceful process

hoodwinking competitive examination is a disgraceful process

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(1) nomination hoodwinking competitive examination is a disgraceful process introduced by british for reasons VALID AT THAT TIME BUT NOT TODAY (2) the british idea was to balance Muslims and Hindus in a situation where Muslims being educationally backward could not join elite services like ICS etc (3) thus 58 out of 87 Muslims who joined ICS were political appointees who never cleared ICS examination and some best failures ! (4) characters like Ghayur khan placed over my grandfathers head in ministry of defence just because he was Muslim leagues sardar nishrars brother etc were however pure political appointees and by 1940 the british system of nomination had degraded to political manipulation and cronyism as by 1940s Muslims like hafeezurrahman from east punjab were clearing ICS exam on merit (4) such was nepotism and cronyism that it was a Muslim political demand in 1930s that son of fazal I Hussain senior most Muslim minister in Punjab be inducted in ICS without passing or qualifying examination and was inducted (5) this system after partition was continued and mostly ADCs and relatives of generals joined through this disgraceful system -In this situation ch fazal i haq was a pleasant exception and was no ADC joining on push and pull but a JCO who passed CSP Exam https://www.academia.edu/44073556/ch_fazal_i_haq_was_no_ADC_joining_on_push_and_pull_but_a_JCO_who_passed_CSP_Exam